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UN URGES 'RESTRAINT' IN EGYPT

Saturday, August 17, 2013

UN: The Argentine President of the UN Security Council urged all parties in the crisis in Egypt to exercise "maximum restraint" Thursday, following an emergency meeting in New York.

Argentine Ambassador Maria Cristina Perceval said that the Council's 15 member states had regretted the loss of life in Cairo, called for an end to the violence and spoke of the need to advance "national reconciliation." The meeting was requested by France, Britain and Australia a day after nearly 600 people were killed when security forces moved to clear camps of supporters of ousted Islamist president Mohamed Morsi.

France and Britain are permanent members of the Security Council and Australia is one of the 15 countries currently represented. Argentina currently presides over the Council.

Perceval said its members shared "a common desire" to stop the unrest.

United Nations Secretary General Ban Ki-moon has condemned the crackdown while UN rights chief Navi Pillay has urged a wide-ranging probe.

Meanwhile, US President Barack Obama on Thursday canceled exercises with Egypt's military to protest the killing of hundreds of demonstrators but stopped short of suspending $1.3 billion in annual aid.

Obama urged Egypt's army-installed authorities to lift a state of emergency and allow peaceful dissent, saying he "strongly" condemned the crackdown on protesters.

"While we want to sustain our relationship with Egypt, our traditional cooperation cannot continue as usual when civilians are being killed in the streets and rights are being rolled back," Obama told reporters during his vacation on the tony island of Martha's Vineyard.

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Bystanders, firefighters and workers stand by the Giza Governorate headquarters after it was -according to Egyptian State TV- torched by Islamists on August 15 in Cairo, Egypt. Private Egyptian television CBC showed footage of the headquarters in flames as men tried to douse the fire. AFP
Obama said the United States had informed Egypt it was calling off the Bright Star exercise, which has been scheduled every two years since 1981.

In 2009, more than 1,300 US troops took part in Bright Star, in which Germany, Kuwait and Pakistan also participated.

But the exercises were also canceled in 2011 as Egypt was in the throes of the revolt that overthrew longtime strongman Hosni Mubarak, a close US ally.

Egypt has been in turmoil ever since, with the army on July 3 ousting the country's first democratically elected President, the Islamist Mohamed Morsi.

More than 500 people have died since Wednesday when Egyptian security forces, defying appeals for restraint by the United States and other powers, crushed pro-Morsi demonstrations.

The United States has carefully avoided calling Morsi's ouster a coup, a designation that would require the United States to cut assistance.

Obama said that Morsi was "not inclusive" and that "perhaps even a majority" of Egyptians opposed the Muslim Brotherhood leader.

"While we do not believe that force is the way to resolve political differences, after the military's intervention several weeks ago, there remained a chance for reconciliation and an opportunity to pursue a democratic path," Obama said.

Instead, Obama said, Egypt has taken "a more dangerous path." Defense Secretary Chuck Hagel, who has spoken more than 15 times to Egypt's military chief Abdel Fattah al-Sisi since early July to counsel restraint, called him again Thursday to voice concern about the violence.

But Hagel also said that the Pentagon "will continue to maintain a military relationship with Egypt." Obama administration officials said they were reviewing US assistance to Egypt but made no announcements. Egypt has been one of the biggest recipients of US largesse since it signed a peace treaty with close ally Israel in 1979.

Obama has faced growing pressure to cut aid, with both The New York Times and The Washington Post running editorials sharply critical of his stance.

The Washington Post wrote that the Obama administration was "complicit" in the crackdown as it had shown to Egypt's rulers "that its warnings were not credible." Secretary of State John Kerry earlier praised the army and said it was "restoring democracy" by ousting the elected president, although he later backtracked on his remarks.

Senator Rand Paul, a member of the rival Republican Party who is critical of foreign aid, urged an immediate termination of assistance. He charged that Egyptian forces were using US military vehicles to quell dissent.

"While President Obama 'condemns the violence in Egypt,' his administration continues to send billions of taxpayer dollars to help pay for it," Paul said in a statement.

Democratic Senator Patrick Leahy, a frequent critic of military abuses overseas, also said that, as per US law, aid to Egypt "should cease until they restore democracy." But a bid by Paul to end military aid to Egypt was easily defeated in the Senate on July 31, with much of his own party agreeing with Obama on Egypt.

Meanwhile, Oil prices eased on profit-taking in Asia on Friday but remain supported by concerns about turmoil in Egypt after a crackdown on protesters killed nearly 600 people nationwide, analysts said.

Investors are closely watching whether the latest unrest in Egypt will escalate and affect stability in the oil-rich and politically volatile Middle East region. New York's main contract, West Texas Intermediate for delivery in September, was down 12 cents at $107.21 a barrel in mid-morning trade.

AFP


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